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Custodian: An official designated by the court to be responsible for money or property lawfully seized in connection with a pending case. We know that legal terms can be confusing. So, let`s translate them for you! Driver`s licence suspension: A measure taken to prevent a person from renewing their driver`s licence until a legal issue is resolved. Bail Notice: A court legal document stating that the court will issue an arrest warrant unless the defendant appears in court or pays bail. Apply: Take legal action to ensure that someone complies with a judgment. Trial: A court case in which substantive and legal issues are heard and decided after legal proceedings so that a bailiff or jury can make a decision in the case. Can be either (1) a trial – a trial heard and decided by a judge, or (2) a jury trial – a trial heard and decided by a jury. Lawyer – Legal counsel; A term used to refer to lawyers in a case. Waiver: Voluntarily, intentionally and knowingly waive a legal right. Custody: The right and responsibility of a parent to make decisions about a child`s health, education and well-being. There are two types of custody orders: joint custody and sole custody. Order: (1) decision of a bailiff; 2.

a directive of the Court of Justice on a question relating to the dispute in the main proceedings which rules on a preliminary remark or guides certain stages of the procedure. Generally used to invalidate a previous conviction, such as an order made after a hearing, when a previous conviction is found to be invalid because certain legal standards were not met during the trial and conviction. Or to set costs, such as an order requiring a defendant to reimburse the county for the costs of a court-appointed lawyer. Or to explain a reason, such as an order to appear in court to explain why an action cannot be enforced, should not have been or should not have been enforced. (See also Court Order, Support Order.) Legal parent: A person legally recognized as the parent of a child. Personal Service: Refers to the time when court forms are delivered personally (delivered). The person handing over the forms must tell the other person that they are legal papers, and then leave the papers close to the person (at their feet, that`s fine). The person they serve does not have to accept the papers, nor do they have to say or sign anything.

Contract – A legally enforceable agreement between two or more competent parties, made orally or in writing, in which an offer is made and accepted and each party benefits from it. The agreement can be formal, informal, written, oral or simply understandable. Some contracts must be in writing to be performed by a court. Matrimonial Settlement Agreement: In the event of dissolution of marriage, legal separation or annulment, a given judgment often includes a Matrimonial Settlement Agreement (MSA). A matrimonial settlement agreement is a written contract between you and your spouse that contains detailed legal language on how the issues in your case will be handled. It is generally used when there are complex issues of ownership, debt, alimony or custody that need to be set out in the judgment. Challenge: The right of a person to object or fight against something in a court case. Trust – A legal tool for managing real property or personal property established by one person for the benefit of another person. Binding: To surrender or make someone else legally responsible for something. Adolescents: A person younger than the legal age of adulthood, which is usually 18, but in some cases is 21.

(See also minor subject.) Action: (1) An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant on the basis of a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff; (2) a dispute brought before a court for settlement. (See also Trial, Case.) Guardian: A person who has legal rights and obligations to care for a child whose parents are not available to care for them. A guardian may be a guardian of the person who cares for a child`s personal needs such as care, custody, education and medical decisions, and/or an estate guardian who manages the child`s finances. The child is called a “ward”. (Compare to the Conservatory.) Appeal – An application to a supervisory court, which usually consists of a panel of judges, to overturn a lower court`s legal decision. Amicus curiae – Latin for friend of the court. Refers to a party who is authorized to provide information to a court (usually in the form of a legal document) even if the party is not directly involved in the present case. Will: A legal document that lists a person`s wishes for what will happen to their personal property after their death.

Fair: (1) Describes civil actions in “justice” instead of “law”. In the legal history of England, the “courts” could only order the payment of damages. But “justice” courts can order someone to do something or stop doing something. (See also injunction.) Under U.S. law, the courts have power in both law and equity. But usually, there may be jury trials in “legal cases,” but not in “fairness” cases. (2) Fair and equal treatment of all parties concerned. This involves not only a fair or equitable decision based on the law, but also a judgment guided by reasonable notions of fairness and justice.

Implied guarantee of habitability: A legal rule that requires landlords to keep their rental units fit for people`s lives. A rental unit must comply with important building and housing regulations that affect the health and safety of tenants. Lockout: When a landlord locks a tenant out of the rental unit to end the tenancy. Lockouts and all other self-help eviction measures are illegal. Subpoena – A legal document used to initiate civil proceedings or to inform a person that they must appear in court or respond to a lawsuit. Motion to Quash Service of Subpoenas: A legal response that a tenant may file in an action for unlawful detention if the tenant believes that the landlord did not properly serve the subpoena and complaint. Expiration: When a person has to give up money or property because they have not complied with a legal obligation. (See also confiscation of deposits.) Bifurcation: separating legal issues in a case. For example, sometimes spouses or life partners cannot agree on all divorce issues and this delays the divorce itself.

The parties may wish to proceed with the termination of marital status or domestic partnership, while other issues have not yet been resolved. To do this, a party may request an “offshoot” of family/partnership status. This means that the court makes a decision on whether to terminate your marriage or domestic partnership, while other issues remain open and need to be decided. Click here to learn how to apply for a split in a divorce or separation case. Payroll deduction: A legal procedure that allows regular deductions from salary or income. Deductions are used to pay off a debt, such as family allowances. Payroll deduction is often included in a child support order. It can be voluntary or involuntary. Also known as “withholding income.” (See also Direct deduction from income, distribution of wages, retention of income, garnishment of wages.) Click here for links to information on the different types of wage garnishments in civil matters. Motion to Dismiss – In a civil case, a request by the defendant to a judge alleging that even if all the allegations are true, the plaintiff is not entitled to a remedy and therefore the case must be dismissed. coram nobis: A legal document used to inform the court of errors in the facts of the case. It is used to try to overturn the verdict.

Comes from Latin for “before us, in our presence”. Family Court: A court that deals with family matters such as divorce (“dissolution”), legal separation, annulment of marriages or family partnerships, custody and maintenance of children, and applications for domestic violence. Continuation – Postponement of a court case to a later date. subrogation: to replace 1 person with another person in a legal claim. Memorandum of Issue: A legal document filed in a civil case indicating that the case is ready to be brought before the courts. (See Memo to set.) Deed – A written legal document that describes a property and describes its boundaries. Disposable income: What remains of an employee`s income after legal deductions such as taxes have been made. Disposable income is used to decide how much of the employee`s salary is used for a garnishment, garnishment or income allowance. Lawyer: Someone who is qualified to represent clients in court and provide them with legal advice.

(See Legal Counsel and Counsel.) Sole custody: A type of court order in which one of the parents has the legal authority to make the most important decisions that affect the child, such as health care, education and religion. If the parents do not agree on a decision concerning the child, the parent with sole custody has the right to make the final decision. “Sole custody” does not give one parent the right to move with the child without informing the other parent, unless the court order expressly gives that right. Will – A legal statement that holds a person`s property at the time of death. Locus standi – The legal right to bring legal action. Only a person who has something at stake has the right to take legal action. Emancipation: A legal way for children to become adults before the age of 18. Once a child is emancipated, his parents no longer have custody or control over him.

Learn more about emancipation. Assignment of wages: A court case in which the employer of a court debtor must withhold part of the court debtor`s salary in order to comply with a judgment. Also used to ask an employer to transfer (or allocate) portions of future wage payments to pay off a debt, such as child support. Click here for links to information on different types of salary assignments or attachments in civil matters.